How to cite ?

You can acknowledge us in your use of the model and tools. This may be done by including text such as :

« CROCO and CROCO_TOOLS are provided by ».

We would also appreciate receiving a copy of the relevant publications. This will help us to justify keeping the model online in the future. Thank you!

Reference papers


  • Marchesiello P., F. Auclair, L. Debreu, J.C. McWilliams, R. Almar, R. Benshila, F. Dumas, 2021: Tridimensional nonhydrostatic transient rip currents in a wave-resolving model. Ocean Modelling, 163, 101816.
  • Hilt M., Roblou L., Nguyen C., Marchesiello P., Lemarié F., Jullien S., Dumas F., Debreu L., Capet X., Bordois L., Benshila R., Auclair F. (2020). Numerical modeling of hydraulic control, solitary waves and primary instabilities in the Strait of Gibraltar. Ocean Modelling , 151, 101642 (16p.) .


Delormes, B.L., L.N. Thomas, P. Marchesiello, J. Gula, G. Roullet and M.J. Molemaker, 2021: Enhanced Abyssal Mixing in the Equatorial Pacific Associated with Non-Traditional Effects. J. Phys. Oceanogr.,

ROMS_AGRIF (2-way nesting):

  • Debreu, L., P. Marchesiello, P. Penven, and G. Cambon, 2012: Two-way nesting in split-explicit ocean models: algorithms, implementation and validation. Ocean Modelling, 49-50, 1-21.


  • Shchepetkin, A and McWilliam, J., 2009: Computational kernel algorithms for fine-scale, multi-process, long-term oceanic simulations. In:Handbook of Numerical Analysis, Vol. XIV: Computational Methods for the Ocean and the Atmosphere, P. G. Ciarlet, editor, R. Temam & J. Tribbia, guest eds., Elsevier Science, pp. 121-183.
  • Shchepetkin, A., and J.C. McWilliams, 2005: The Regional Oceanic Modeling System: A split-explicit, free-surface, topography-following-coordinate ocean model. Ocean Modelling, 9, 347-404.
  • Shchepetkin, A.F., and J.C. McWilliams, 2003: A method for computing horizontal pressure-gradient force in an ocean model with a non-aligned vertical coordinate. J. Geophys. Res., 108, C3, 3090, doi:10.1029/2001JC001047.


  • Mason E., J. Molemaker , A. Shchepetkin , F. Colas , J.C. McWilliams, P. Sangrà, 2010 : Procedures for offline grid nesting in regional ocean models. Ocean Modelling 35 (2010) 1–15.
  • Penven P., L. Debreu, P. Marchesiello, and J.C. McWilliams, 2006 : Evaluation and application of the ROMS 1-way embedding procedure to the central california upwelling system. Ocean Modelling, 12, 157-187.


  • Menesguen C., Le Gentil S., Marchesiello P., Ducousso N. Destabilization of an oceanic meddy-like vortex: energy transfers and significance of numerical settings, JPO, 2018
  • Soufflet, P. Marchesiello, F. Lemarié, J. Jouanno, X. Capet, L. Debreu, R. Benshila : On effective resolution in ocean models. Ocean Modelling, 98, pp 36-50, 2016
  • Lemarie, F., L. Debreu, A.F. Shchepetkin, and J.C. McWilliams, 2012: On the stability and accuracy of the harmonic and biharmonic adiabatic mixing operators in ocean models. Ocean Modelling.
  • Lemarie F., J. Kurian, A. Shchepetkin, M.J. Molemaker, F. Colas, J.C. McWilliams, 2011: Are there inescapable issues prohibiting the use of terrain-following coordinates in climate models ? Ocean Modelling 42 (2012) 57–79.
  • Marchesiello P. L. Debreu and X. Couvelard, 2009: Spurious diapycnal mixing in terrain-following coordinate models: the problem and a solution. Ocean Modelling, 26, 156-169.
  • Ezer, T., H.G. Arango and A.F. Shchepetkin, 2002: Developments in terrain-following ocean models: intercomparisons of numerical aspects, Ocean Modelling, 4, 249-267.
  • Marchesiello, P., J.C. McWilliams, and A. Shchepetkin, 2001: Open boundary conditions for long-term integration of regional oceanic models. Ocean Modelling, 3, 1-20.
  • Haidvogel D. B., H. Arango, K. Hedstrom, A. Beckman, P. Malanotte-Rizzoli, and A. Shchepetkin, 2000: Model evaluation experiments in the North Atlantic basin: simulations in nonlinear terrain following coordinates. Dyn. Atmos. Oceans, 32, 239-281.
  • Shchepetkin, A., and J.C. McWilliams, 1998: Quasi-monotone advection schemes based on explicit locally adaptive dissipation. Monthly Weather Review, 126, 1541-1580.


  • Warner, J.C., Defne, Z., Haas, K., Arango, H.G., 2013. A wetting and drying scheme for ROMS. Comput. Geosci. 58, 54–61.


  • Blaas, M., C. Dong, P. Marchesiello, J.C. McWilliams, K.D. Stolzenbach, 2007: Sediment-transport modeling on Southern Californian shelves: A ROMS case study. Continental Shelf Research, 27, 832-853.


  • Marchesiello P., Benshila R., Almar R., Uchiyama Y., McWilliams J.C., Shchepetkin A.F. On tridimensional rip current modeling, Ocean Modelling, 2015
  • Uchiyama, Y., McWilliams, J., Shchepetkin, A., 2010. Wave-current interaction in an oceanic circulation model with a vortex-force formalism: application to the surf zone. Ocean Modell. 34, 16–35.


  • Renault, L., Marchesiello, P., Masson, S., & Mcwilliams, J. C. (2019). Remarkable control of western boundary currents by eddy killing, a mechanical air‐sea coupling process. Geophysical Research Letters, 46(5), 2743-2751.
  • Pianezze J., Barthe C., Bielli S., Tulet P., Jullien S., Cambon G., Bousquet O., Claeys M., Cordier E. A new coupled ocean-wave-atmosphere model designed for tropical storm studies: example of tropical cyclone Bejisa (2013-2014) in the South-West Indian ocean, JAMES, 2018
  • Jullien S., P. Marchesiello, C. E. Menkes, J. Lefèvre, N. C. Jourdain, G. Samson, and M. Lengaigne, 2014: Ocean feedback to tropical cyclones: climatology and processes. Climate Dynamics, 43, 2831-2854.


  • PISCES: Aumont, O., and L. Bopp (2006), Globalizing results from ocean in situ iron fertilization studies, Global Biogeochem. Cycles, 20, GB2017, doi:10.1029/2005GB002591
  • BioEBUS: Gutknecht, E., Dadou, I., Marchesiello, P., Cambon, G., Le Vu, B., Sudre, J., Garçon, V., Machu, E., Rixen, T., Kock, A., Flohr, A., Paulmier, A., and Lavik, G., 2013: Nitrogen transfers off Walvis Bay: a 3-D coupled physical/biogeochemical modeling approach in the Namibian Upwelling System, Biogeosciences, 10, 4117-4135.


  • Penven P., P. Marchesiello, L. Debreu, and J. Lefevre, 2007 : Software tools for pre- and post-processing of oceanic regional simulations. Environ. Model. Softw., 23, 660-662.