CROCO Coastal and Regional Ocean COmmunity model

How to cite ?

You can acknowledge us in your use of the model and tools. This may be done by including text such as : « CROCO and CROCO_TOOLS are provided by ». We would also appreciate receiving a copy of the relevant publications. This will help us to justify keeping the model online in the future. Thank you!



ROMS_AGRIF (2-way nesting):

  • Debreu, L., P. Marchesiello, P. Penven, and G. Cambon, 2012: Two-way nesting in split-explicit ocean models: algorithms, implementation and validation. Ocean Modelling, 49-50, 1-21.


  • Shchepetkin, A and McWilliam, J., 2009: Computational kernel algorithms for fine-scale, multi-process, long-term oceanic simulations. In:Handbook of Numerical Analysis, Vol. XIV: Computational Methods for the Ocean and the Atmosphere, P. G. Ciarlet, editor, R. Temam & J. Tribbia, guest eds., Elsevier Science, pp. 121-183.
  • Shchepetkin, A., and J.C. McWilliams, 2005: The Regional Oceanic Modeling System: A split-explicit, free-surface, topography-following-coordinate ocean model. Ocean Modelling, 9, 347-404.
  • Shchepetkin, A.F., and J.C. McWilliams, 2003: A method for computing horizontal pressure-gradient force in an ocean model with a non-aligned vertical coordinate. J. Geophys. Res., 108, C3, 3090, doi:10.1029/2001JC001047.


  • Mason E., J. Molemaker , A. Shchepetkin , F. Colas , J.C. McWilliams, P. Sangrà, 2010 : Procedures for offline grid nesting in regional ocean models. Ocean Modelling 35 (2010) 1–15.
  • Penven P., L. Debreu, P. Marchesiello, and J.C. McWilliams, 2006 : Evaluation and application of the ROMS 1-way embedding procedure to the central california upwelling system. Ocean Modelling, 12, 157-187.


  • Menesguen C., Le Gentil S., Marchesiello P., Ducousso N. Destabilization of an oceanic meddy-like vortex: energy transfers and significance of numerical settings, JPO, 2018
  • Soufflet, P. Marchesiello, F. Lemarié, J. Jouanno, X. Capet, L. Debreu, R. Benshila : On effective resolution in ocean models. Ocean Modelling, 98, pp 36-50, 2016
  • Lemarie, F., L. Debreu, A.F. Shchepetkin, and J.C. McWilliams, 2012: On the stability and accuracy of the harmonic and biharmonic adiabatic mixing operators in ocean models. Ocean Modelling.
  • Lemarie F., J. Kurian, A. Shchepetkin, M.J. Molemaker, F. Colas, J.C. McWilliams, 2011: Are there inescapable issues prohibiting the use of terrain-following coordinates in climate models ? Ocean Modelling 42 (2012) 57–79.
  • Marchesiello P. L. Debreu and X. Couvelard, 2009: Spurious diapycnal mixing in terrain-following coordinate models: the problem and a solution. Ocean Modelling, 26, 156-169.
  • Ezer, T., H.G. Arango and A.F. Shchepetkin, 2002: Developments in terrain-following ocean models: intercomparisons of numerical aspects, Ocean Modelling, 4, 249-267.
  • Marchesiello, P., J.C. McWilliams, and A. Shchepetkin, 2001: Open boundary conditions for long-term integration of regional oceanic models. Ocean Modelling, 3, 1-20.
  • Haidvogel D. B., H. Arango, K. Hedstrom, A. Beckman, P. Malanotte-Rizzoli, and A. Shchepetkin, 2000: Model evaluation experiments in the North Atlantic basin: simulations in nonlinear terrain following coordinates. Dyn. Atmos. Oceans, 32, 239-281.
  • Shchepetkin, A., and J.C. McWilliams, 1998: Quasi-monotone advection schemes based on explicit locally adaptive dissipation. Monthly Weather Review, 126, 1541-1580.


  • Warner, J.C., Defne, Z., Haas, K., Arango, H.G., 2013. A wetting and drying scheme for ROMS. Comput. Geosci. 58, 54–61.


  • Blaas, M., C. Dong, P. Marchesiello, J.C. McWilliams, K.D. Stolzenbach, 2007: Sediment-transport modeling on Southern Californian shelves: A ROMS case study. Continental Shelf Research, 27, 832-853.


  • Marchesiello P., Benshila R., Almar R., Uchiyama Y., McWilliams J.C., Shchepetkin A.F. On tridimensional rip current modeling, Ocean Modelling, 2015
  • Uchiyama, Y., McWilliams, J., Shchepetkin, A., 2010. Wave-current interaction in an oceanic circulation model with a vortex-force formalism: application to the surf zone. Ocean Modell. 34, 16–35.


  • Pianezze J., Barthe C., Bielli S., Tulet P., Jullien S., Cambon G., Bousquet O., Claeys M., Cordier E. A new coupled ocean-wave-atmosphere model designed for tropical storm studies: example of tropical cyclone Bejisa (2013-2014) in the South-West Indian ocean, JAMES, 2018
  • Jullien S., P. Marchesiello, C. E. Menkes, J. Lefèvre, N. C. Jourdain, G. Samson, and M. Lengaigne, 2014: Ocean feedback to tropical cyclones: climatology and processes. Climate Dynamics, 43, 2831-2854.


  • PISCES: Aumont, O., and L. Bopp (2006), Globalizing results from ocean in situ iron fertilization studies, Global Biogeochem. Cycles, 20, GB2017, doi:10.1029/2005GB002591
  • BioEBUS: Gutknecht, E., Dadou, I., Marchesiello, P., Cambon, G., Le Vu, B., Sudre, J., Garçon, V., Machu, E., Rixen, T., Kock, A., Flohr, A., Paulmier, A., and Lavik, G., 2013: Nitrogen transfers off Walvis Bay: a 3-D coupled physical/biogeochemical modeling approach in the Namibian Upwelling System, Biogeosciences, 10, 4117-4135.


  • Penven P., P. Marchesiello, L. Debreu, and J. Lefevre, 2007 : Software tools for pre- and post-processing of oceanic regional simulations. Environ. Model. Softw., 23, 660-662.

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